What is Acne Vulgaris?
Acne Vulgaris simply refers to “common acne” or pimples. Acne is the result of collected sebum (oily secretions) inside a follicle. There is also a bacteria known as Propionibacterium acnes present. This causes the follicle to get inflamed and swollen, causing the bumps on the skin you know as “acne”.
Acne is characterized by whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, oily skin, and often times acne scars.
It is a common chronic medical condition affecting the skin. It’s very treatable, and early intervention can prevent permanent scarring.
Why You Get Acne
Hormones (after puberty) drive your skin to produce more oil. This is why so many teens suffer from acne, as do women later in life (when it’s known as Adult Onset Acne). The red bumps you see are inflammatory lesions of the acne vulgaris where the body is reacting to the oily secretions.
Factors that contribute to or worsen acne:
- Hormones. Hormonal changes related to puberty, pregnancy, menopause, and using oral contraceptives affect sebum production.
- Diet. Studies indicate that diets rich in carbohydrates and sugars may worsen acne.
- Stress. Stress can make acne worse.
Treatment For Acne Vulgaris
One form of treatment is tiny injections of cortisone into the follicles can stop the inflammation quickly and minimize scarring or lasting discoloration of the skin.
If white heads are present, the treatment may vary. White heads, are bumps under the skin that represent plugged follicles that cannot extrude the oily products. Such lesions need to be extracted or removed by a dermatologist before inflammation sets in.
Multiple topical and oral medications are available to effectively treat every kind of acne vulgaris.
Common treatment procedures for acne include:
- Manual extraction
- Steroid injections
- Peels that use glycolic or salicylic acid
- Light and laser therapy
Scheduling an appointment for a thorough skin examination to determine the best treatment for your skin condition.
To find out more about acne treatment, please contact our office.